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Depression Talking Therapies


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Some of the common symptoms of depression

Have you been feeling?

  • low
  • upset
  • tearful
  • sad
  • flat
  • irritable
  • unmotivated

Have you had thoughts like?

  • ‘No-one likes me’
  • ‘I’m no good’
  • ‘Things will never change’
  • ‘I can’t be bothered’
  • ‘It’s not worth going on’

Have you noticed?

  • an increase or decrease in appetite
  • you are spending more time alone
  • you are sleeping too much or too little
  • you have stopped doing the things you enjoy
  • you lack in energy
  • poor concentration or poor memory
  • headaches
  • aching pains in your body

Possible causes of depression

  • stressful life events – these can be unwelcome or traumatic, such as being bullied at work, getting divorced, or being attacked/abused
  • negative thinking – sometimes you may start to think negatively due to an event or situation, this can then become a habit and part of your general outlook; you may not even be aware of how negatively you were thinking or how this is impacting on you
  • lack of interest or reduction of pleasurable activities – Sometimes, due to circumstances, you may reduce activities that you gained pleasure, satisfaction, or achievement from. You then do not increase these activities as soon as possible, instead you may forget just how much you benefited from these activities, causing you to have a lack of interest in doing them.
  • loss – this can be the actual loss of someone through death or disappearance, but it can also be a major life change where there has been an adjustment and a loss of role or identity e.g. redundancy or retirement
  • anger – if you struggle to express your feelings, particularly anger, you may find yourself low in mood as a result of not expressing your anger or frustration in a safe and responsible way
  • physical health – various illnesses can contribute to low mood such as hormonal problems, menopause, and diabetes
  • genetics – there is no known specific gene for low mood, but there has been research that shows that itmay be hereditary; this may be through our genes or through learnt behaviour as a child

How common is depression?

  • depression occurs in 1 in 10 adults in the UK at any one time
  • depression with anxiety is experienced by 9.7 per cent of people in England, and depression without anxiety by 2.6 per cent
  • around 1 in 20 people at any one time experience major or ‘clinical’ depression

Want to read more about depression?

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